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托福写作原因剖析深度高分亮点小词短句

时间:2013-06-14 编辑:泰国留学网

     托福官方指南OG第四版209页明确要求托福写作要给出充分的解释(explanation),而这个也是考官最为看重的内容之一。刷过托福考试的考生都知道,考官会在我们的成绩单评语中评价我们有没有给出充分的解释,而剖析原因是最直接有效的解释方式。掌握剖析原因的小词对于写作获胜颇为关键。
  3.1 on the grounds that(基于…理由)
  (on the ground that, on grounds that)
  Liu Dehua refused to answer questions about his relationship/wife on the grounds that it may disturb their tranquil life.
  3.2 ...can be attributed to...(+名词......可以归因于……)
  This difference can be attributed/ascribed to the cultural background.
  3.3 For the sake of 也表示因果关系
  Improve or bring advantage to 所以它的意思更接近于英文的for the purpose of helping/ improving。例如:
  Many elderly people prefer to live in the countryside for the purpose of improving their health.
  Many elderly people prefer to live in the countryside for the sake of their health.
  3.4 by virtue of意思是“通过......来......”, 也可灵活运用表示因果关系。
  她的成功是因为她的运气而非天赋。
  She succeeded by virtue of her lucy rather than her talent.
  3.5 Given..., In view of ...和In light of 三个表达都是“考虑到,鉴于.....”的意思,后面跟名词或者名词短语,也是用来引出因果关系的精品。
  鉴于工作压力的逐渐增加,他打算牺牲高薪工作来换取更多的空闲时间。
  Given/in view of/in light of the mounting pressure at work, he would sacrifice his high-paying job in exchange for more leisure time.

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